OpenSSH on Windows

Check if OpenSSH is available

Get-WindowsCapability -Online | Where-Object Name -like 'OpenSSH*'

Install OpenSSH Client and Server

# Install the OpenSSH Client
Add-WindowsCapability -Online -Name OpenSSH.Client~~~~

# Install the OpenSSH Server
Add-WindowsCapability -Online -Name OpenSSH.Server~~~~

Start OpenSSH Server

# Start the sshd service
Start-Service sshd

Set OpenSSH Server to start automatically on boot

# OPTIONAL but recommended:
Set-Service -Name sshd -StartupType 'Automatic'

Make sure the firewall doesn't block the OpenSSH Server

# Confirm the Firewall rule is configured. It should be created automatically by setup. Run the following to verify
if (!(Get-NetFirewallRule -Name "OpenSSH-Server-In-TCP" -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | Select-Object Name, Enabled)) {
    Write-Output "Firewall Rule 'OpenSSH-Server-In-TCP' does not exist, creating it..."
    New-NetFirewallRule -Name 'OpenSSH-Server-In-TCP' -DisplayName 'OpenSSH Server (sshd)' -Enabled True -Direction Inbound -Protocol TCP -Action Allow -LocalPort 22
} else {
    Write-Output "Firewall rule 'OpenSSH-Server-In-TCP' has been created and exists."

Run sshd on an alternate port

Edit the Port line in C:\ProgramData\ssh\sshd_config:

Port 12322

Use the following command to update the Windows Firewall rule to match the port you specified above:

Set-NetFirewallRule -Name 'OpenSSH-Server-In-TCP' -LocalPort 12322

Require publickey and password authentication

Add the following line to C:\ProgramData\ssh\sshd_config

AuthenticationMethods "publickey,password"

publickey authentication for administrators

Public keys for administrators must be put in the file %PROGRAMDATA%/ssh/administrators_authorized_keys. Use the script below to make sure the file has proper permissions.

$acl = Get-Acl C:\ProgramData\ssh\administrators_authorized_keys
$acl.SetAccessRuleProtection($true, $false)
$administratorsRule = New-Object"Administrators","FullControl","Allow")
$systemRule = New-Object"SYSTEM","FullControl","Allow")
$acl | Set-Acl

Stop and Start the sshd service

Stop-Service sshd
Start-Service sshd
netstat -an -p TCP | find '"22"'

Example configuration

Port 12322

#PubkeyAuthentication yes
AuthenticationMethods "publickey,password"
AuthorizedKeysFile	.ssh/authorized_keys

#PasswordAuthentication yes
#PermitEmptyPasswords no

# override default of no subsystems
Subsystem	sftp	sftp-server.exe

Match Group administrators
       AuthorizedKeysFile __PROGRAMDATA__/ssh/administrators_authorized_keys


Revision #3
Created 25 June 2023 19:27:22 by bluecrow76
Updated 30 May 2024 20:20:37 by bluecrow76